Winter can be harsh in many regions. During winter, temperatures and air humidity decrease considerably. These factors directly reflect on the health and beauty of your skin, which can become more dry and sensitized.
This is because, even without visible perspiration (which we notice more in the heat), the skin continues to lose water through evaporation. And as we generally tend to drink less fluids during the colder days, the result is that the skin on the body, face and lips end up getting dehydrated.
When skin hydration is insufficient, it is quite common for it to show signs of peeling, roughness, whitish and opaque appearance, in addition to discomforts such as irritation and itching.
The good news is that you can moisturize your skin with specific dermocosmetics and adopt habits that will protect it from the harmful effects of winter.
Are you one of those people who love cold weather? Or are you one of those who can't wait for the heat to come back? Regardless of your preference, the fact is that everyone needs to adopt some good winter skin care.
Winter is the best time to do more invasive dermatological treatments
Low temperatures and much less frequent sun exposure make winter the best time to invest in that peeling that your dermatologist has already recommended, a laser treatment or even cosmetics with stronger acids, at home. With far less sun exposure than in spring or summer, you're less likely to stain your skin - which can happen with sun exposure after in-office skin treatments.
With low temperatures and reduced air humidity, skin becomes more prone to dryness, which makes it more rough, sensitive and prone to injury. Here are the top tips to avoid these problems:
The face is one of the regions most exposed to cold wind, so it needs special care. Although facial moisturizer is essential for those with dry skin, people with oily skin should also use it to prevent water loss and restore the protective barrier of the skin tissue.
The moisturizer for dry skin can be based on urea, aloe vera and almond oil, while normal skin can do better with actives such as vitamin A and E. For mixed and oily skin, you should choose anoil-free moisturizer with gel texture.
The skin that covers the lips is very thin and delicate, being even more subject to the cracks caused by dryness. Therefore, it is recommended to use a lip moisturizer several times a day, protecting them against cold, wind and low air humidity.
Keep in mind that wetting your lips with saliva can even provide temporary relief, but this habit tends to dry them out even more. Also, avoid pulling the “little skins” that come off with your teeth, as this can cause bleeding.
Hands, elbows and knees are regions of the body that have few sebaceous glands, which makes them produce less oil and are more vulnerable to damage caused by the cold.
Your face can also produce less oil during winter, that’s why it can’t be left aside.
So winter skin care also includes using a body moisturizer to prevent water loss and a gentle exfoliation biweekly or as needed to remove dead skin cells, stimulate cell renewal and improve texture. To help you to improve the exfoliation, you can use theUltrasonic Cleanser, which gives the skin agentle but deep exfoliation, which expertly removes 99.5% of dirt and oil from the skin with its ultra-hygienic silicone bristles paired with a deeply enjoyable ultrasonic vibrations.
UVB radiation, which is the biggest cause of burns, is more intense in summer. However, UVA rays, which accelerate aging and further increase the risk of skin cancer, are the same intensity year-round.
Therefore, sunscreen should be used daily even in winter, even on cloudy days, as radiation passes through the clouds. Choose a product suitable for your skin type and with an SPF 30 or higher.
As tempting as it is to take a hot shower, warm water should be preferred over hot water to avoid damage to the protective layer of the skin. In addition, it is recommended to use neutral soap and avoid using very rough sponges and loofahs, which further aggravate this effect.
Another reason to avoid very hot baths is that they can cause your scalp to flake off. Seborrhea dermatitis (dandruff) is more pronounced in winter due to the increased speed of cell growth, and hot water can further unbalance sebum production.
In addition to having a healthy diet in general, it is important to consume nutrients that favor skin care. This is the case of isoflavones, present in soy, which help to prevent drying by preserving the water content and providing more elasticity to the skin tissue.
Vitamin E and selenium, which help to preserve the quality of the skin, are found in oilseeds such as chestnuts, walnuts and almonds. And good news for anyone who is a fan of chocolate: the bitter version contains flavonoids, substances with an antioxidant effect that are also beneficial for the skin.
Even if you feel less thirsty in winter, it is essential to drink plenty of water to allow the body to function properly and preserve hydration and skin integrity, preventing dryness and flaking.
Take advantage of the colder days to complement your water consumption with natural teas without sugar. Just try to avoid black tea, which has a dehydrating effect.
Even during cloudy days, harmful solar radiation is able to pass through the clouds and penetrate the skin, causing sunburn, blemishes and dryness. Dermatologists reinforce that it is essential that sunscreen is used daily, even during winter.