May 30, 2022 4 min read

Blackheads and pimples are very common characteristics in people that have oily or combination skin.

Blackheads are one of the most frequent skin changes, mainly caused by a greater production of sebum, which clogs pores, especially in the face, neck and trunk region. The accumulation of sebum and the increase in oil can also cause inflammation and skin infection, facilitating the appearance of acne. Therefore, it is essential to start the treatment of blackheads early.

How to decrease blackheads at home

How to avoid blackheads in a natural way?

Although common, blackheads, as well as acne, can be avoided and treated with proper habits and care. For starters, weekly exfoliation with the proper products just like Ultrasonic Facial Cleanser should be sacred in your face skin care routine! It will ensure the unclogging of pores and remove dead cells, which can accumulate in open comedones. Not sleeping with makeup on is also a great tip to prevent dirt, pollution and external aggressors, which cause inflammation and prevent the skin from breathing, from remaining on the surface of the skin of the face. Also washing your face with cold water and using mild soap can help avoiding the emergence of acne on your face.

Blackheads and whiteheads, what’s the difference?

Yes, there are two types of blackheads, white and black. Regardless of color, they are form due to the excessive production of sebum by the glands that act in our body. This extra fat, along with keratin residues and dead cells, accumulates in the pores and clogs them, forming the blackhead. But if the “carnation production mode” is the same, why are some white and others black?

- Blackheads:

When the pore is not covered by skin, only sebum. The darkened appearance is due to the oxidation that occurs when the material (sebum, keratin and dead cells) accumulated in the dilated pore comes into contact with air. Other impurities such as makeup residue and pollution can also contribute to blackhead darkening. It's the easiest type to remove.

- Whiteheads:

They form inside the skin, in pores covered by keratin produced by our body. As the clove does not come into contact with the air, it does not oxidize and maintains its white color. Difficult to remove, it should not be removed at home, as, in addition to injuring the skin, there is a danger of pushing part of the blackhead to the deepest layer of the epidermis, which contributes to the formation of pimples or permanent scars. Whitehead can also be confused with “milia”, a small yellowish-white keratin cyst that appears on the skin and should not be squeezed. Milia does not present redness or pain, so it is basically an aesthetic problem, and only the dermatologist can make the correct identification. 

Causes of an oily skin

There are some factors that can intensify the oiliness of the skin or make a mixed face more oily. They can act separately or together.

- Genetics
There are individuals who are programmed to naturally produce more sebum in the skin, making it turn oily.
Sebaceous glands overproducing
When these glands that produce sebum are out of regulation, they will produce more oil than necessary.
- Environment
Living in very hot regions can end up making your skin oily.
Especially during menopause, when estrogen levels drop, it is common for women to have oily skin;
- Habits
Medications, excessive exercise, or the use of too much makeup and the wrong cosmetics can increase the oiliness of the skin.

Reducing skin oiliness

The main care to avoid blackheads and pimples is to reduce the excessive production of sebum. For this, it is essential to clean your face properly. Give preference to specific products to your skin type, such as soaps or cleansing gels that clean without harming. Using an astringent toner can also be a good option, as this product has the power to help reduce pores.
Another good habit is to keep your skin moisturized. The tip is to use products with a fluid texture, oil free and dry touch, such as serum, gel and lotion. Avoid creamy and oily textures, as in addition to aggravating blackheads, they can make your face look shiny.

How to get rid of blackheads

Do not poke

Resist the urge to poke the blackheads, as it can worsen the condition and leave scars. The infection can come into contact with lesions and bacteria present on the fingers, thus causing a transformation that turns the blackhead into a pimple, cyst or a cut into a germ.

Preventing is the best solution

Preventing blackheads is simpler than you might think, just maintain a correct skin care routine. You can also use devices that make you skincare routine easier, like Microdermabrasion Kit, that deeply cleanses your skin whilst the perfectly tuned vacuum unclogs your pores and removes toxins from your skin. Moreover, the device has tiny crystals gently exfoliate the skin while the vacuum draws out oily debris and impurities from the skin.

Use of products with salicylic acid, retinol and glycolic acid

Professionals recommend the use of products with keratolytic action, especially those that have actives such as salicylic acid, retinol and glycolic acid. They make the skin thinner, preventing the formation of new blackheads and removing those that are more superficial. The dermocosmetics that can be used in your skin care routine are: soap or cleansing gel and night creams.

Steam the skin

Steaming also helps in removing blackheads. It must be done before exfoliating and can be done during the bath, with the heat of the shower, or with hot water in a basin, approaching the face for a few minutes in contact only with the steam. After that, exfoliation can be beneficial for removing blackheads.

evelyn setubal
evelyn setubal

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